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英语倍数的翻译解析及经典例句

时间:2015-12-08 10:44 作者:重点大学留学预科网编辑 点击:

        倍数翻译的陷阱很多,而且每个陷阱都是绵里藏针,针针见血,见血封喉!

  1a是b的n倍大/长……(或者a比b大/长……n-1倍)

  一般有以下两种英语表达方法;

  (1) A is n times as large/long (形容词/副词原形) as b.

  eg: Asia is four times as large as Europe.

  (2) A is n times larger/longer(形容词/副词比较级)than b.

  eg: Asia is four times larger than europe.

  (3) A is n times the size/length (形容词/副词的名词形式) of b.

  eg: Asia is four times the size of europe.

  以上三句例句的中文翻译均为:亚洲是欧洲的四倍大,或者亚洲比欧洲大三倍。

  2. by 和to

  (1) 动词+ by + 倍数/百分数/数词

  eg: The production of grain has been increased by four times this year.

  今年粮食产量增加了四倍。

  (2) 动词+ to + 数词

  eg: Last year profits rose to $201 million.

  去年利润增长到2亿零100万美元。

  3by a factor of

  词组by a factor of 在《朗文双解》中的解释为"if something increases or decreases by a factor of n, it increases or decreases by n times."以n倍的系数增加或减少。这个解释表达不是很明确,现在把它分成以下两种情况来分析:

  (1)表示增加含义时

  increase/grow...by a factor of n times 增加到n倍,或者增加了n-1倍

  eg: The output of diesel oil for farm use has been increased by a factor of five times these years.

  这些年来,用于农业生产的柴油产量增加了四倍。

  (2)表示减少含义时

  decrease/fall...by a factor of n times 减少到1/n,或者减少了(n-1)/n。

  eg: The production has decreased by a factor of three times as against 1977.

  总产量减少到1977年的三分之一。(重点大学留学预科网编辑)

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